Plasma Lp(a) levels correlate with number, severity, and length-extension of coronary lesions in male patients undergoing coronary arteriography for clinically suspected coronary atherosclerosis.
The relation between lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] as an independent risk factor for coronary atherosclerosis and the severity and extension of angiographically detectable coronary atherosclerotic lesions has not been systematically evaluated. In 118 male patients (54.3 +/- 7.4 years) with suspected coronary artery disease and without a history of myocardial infarction undergoing coronary angiography, the relation between plasma Lp(a) levels and other lipoproteins and the severity and extension of coronary lesions was studied. The coronary angiograms were evaluated in a blinded manner according to three scores: vessel score (0 to 3 points for 0 to 3 vessels with stenoses > or = 70%), stenosis score (0 to 32 points; number and severity of coronary stenoses or lesions), and extent score (0 to 100 points; length-extension of all coronary lesions in relation to the total coronary vessel length). The score values obtained were analyzed for correlations with age and levels of total cholesterol (6.08 +/- 1.26 mmol/L; mean +/- SD), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (1.04 +/- 0.33 mmol/L), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (4.18 +/- 1.15 mmol/L), triglycerides (1.88 +/- 1.37 mmol/L), and Lp(a) in plasma (19.5 +/- 22.6 mg/dL). Bivariate correlation analysis resulted in positive correlations between Lp(a) and vessel score (P < .01), stenosis score (P < .01), and extent score (P < .05). With multivariate analyses, besides Lp(a) plasma level (nl), only patient age showed a significant correlation to all three scores used, whereas none of the lipid parameters correlated significantly with all three scores.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association