Hyperinsulinemia, risk factors, and coronary heart disease. The Zutphen Elderly Study.
We investigated the association between fasting insulin concentration--an indicator of insulin resistance in nondiabetic individuals--cardiovascular risk factors, and coronary heart disease in a study of 390 men in the town of Zutphen. In 1990, an extensive examination was carried out on the participating men (aged 70 to 89 years). Fasting insulin levels were determined and a number of other risk factors measured. Known and newly diagnosed diabetics were excluded from the data analyses. Fasting insulin concentration was significantly associated with levels of glucose, triglycerides, uric acid, serum albumin, creatinine, and fibrinogen as well as resting heart rate. Inverse associations with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and factor VII activity were observed. These results were independent of confounding factors such as age, body mass index, ratio of subscapular to triceps skinfold thicknesses, cigarette smoking, physical activity, and alcohol consumption. Men with a fasting insulin level higher than 80 pmol/L (highest quartile of the distribution) had a significantly higher prevalence of coronary heart disease and especially of myocardial infarction. This result was independent of potential confounding variables as well as of possible intermediates (total and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hypertension, serum triglycerides, fasting glucose, and other risk factors related to fasting insulin) (odds ratio, 2.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-4.0). No association between fasting insulin level and hypertension or blood pressure was observed. These results show that fasting insulin is an important indicator of coronary heart disease in elderly men. Clotting factors, resting heart rate, uric acid, serum albumin, and creatinine may also play a role in this metabolic syndrome.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association