Inhibition of thromboxane biosynthesis and platelet function by indobufen in type II diabetes mellitus.
Indobufen is a reversible inhibitor of platelet prostaglandin G/H-synthase. To verify the dose dependence of the antiplatelet effect of indobufen on ex vivo and in vivo indexes of thromboxane (TX) biosynthesis and TXA2-dependent platelet function, we studied nine patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). This was a randomized, double-blind, crossover study in which each patient was treated with three different daily regimens (50 mg BID, 100 mg BID, and 200 mg BID) of indobufen for 1 week, with a 7-day washout period between treatments. Urinary 11-dehydro-TXB2 excretion averaged 58.2 +/- 21.8 ng/h at baseline. TX metabolite excretion was reduced dose dependently by indobufen: by 67% at 50 mg BID, 72% at 100 mg BID, and 81% at 200 mg BID. Platelet cyclooxygenase activity, ATP release, collagen-induced platelet aggregation, and bleeding time also were modified dose dependently by indobufen. Biochemical demonstration of suppressed platelet TXA2 in vivo was accompanied by evidence of inhibited platelet function as assessed ex vivo. Under pathophysiological conditions, such as NIDDM, which are associated with enhanced TXA2 synthesis, more than 95% suppression of platelet cyclooxygenase activity may be necessary to produce virtually maximal inhibition of platelet TXA2 biosynthesis in vivo.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association