Relation of plasma triglyceride and apoB levels to insulin-mediated suppression of nonesterified fatty acids. Possible explanation for sex differences in lipoprotein pattern.
To test whether a sex difference in insulin-mediated suppression of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs) could account for sex differences in plasma triglyceride levels, we studied 632 normoglycemic men and women of European and South Asian descent aged 40 to 69 years. Mean fasting NEFA levels were 19% higher in women than in men. Between fasting and 2 hours after a 75-g oral glucose load, NEFA levels fell by 69% in women and 55% in men, so that mean NEFA levels at 2 hours after loading were 19% lower in women than in men. Plasma triglyceride and apolipoprotein B levels were correlated with 2-hour NEFA levels in each sex and ethnic group, and these associations were independent of glucose, insulin, and central obesity. These results are consistent with experimental studies of the effects of insulin and NEFAs on hepatic production of triglycerides and apolipoprotein B. Suppression of NEFA levels in response to insulin is greater in women than in men, and this may account for some of the sex differences in lipoprotein pattern and coronary heart disease risk.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association