Lipoprotein[a] concentrations and apolipoprotein[a] phenotypes in Caucasians and African Americans. The CARDIA study.
Little is known about racial differences in lipoprotein[a] (Lp[a]) concentrations and apolipoprotein[a] (apo[a]) phenotypes. Lp[a] protein concentrations were determined by a double monoclonal antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method in 4165 Caucasian and African American men and women from four US communities. Apo[a] phenotypes were determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting on a random subset of these participants (n = 690). The distribution of Lp[a] protein levels in Caucasians was highly skewed (mean, 6.9 mg/dL; median, 3.7 mg/dL). In contrast, the distribution in African Americans was less skewed (mean, 13.0 mg/dL; median, 11.6 mg/dL), and Lp[a] protein levels were approximately double those in Caucasians within most apo[a] phenotypes. The previously described inverse relationship between apo[a] size and Lp[a] concentration was generally confirmed in Caucasians, but the B phenotype had lower Lp[a] levels than the S1 or S2 phenotype. In African Americans, both the B and S1 phenotypes had lower Lp[a] levels than the S2 phenotype. The frequencies of the apo[a] phenotypes in African Americans differed from those in Caucasians (P < .001) and also differed from the frequencies reported in a Sudanese population (P < .002). African Americans had a lower frequency of the S2 phenotype than Caucasians (8% vs 18%; P < .01) and a higher frequency of S3 (36% vs 25%; P < .01). As compared with the data reported in Sudanese, African Americans also had a higher frequency of the S3 phenotype (36% vs 14%; P < .001) and a lower frequency of S4 (29% vs 44%; P < .01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association