Effect of elevated glucose on cyclic GMP and eicosanoids produced by porcine aortic endothelium.
The short-term effects of elevated glucose on cyclic GMP (cGMP) and eicosanoid production in pig aortic endothelial cell monolayers was determined by incubating cells in 5.5 mM or 44 mM glucose for 6 hours. Bradykinin- or A23187-stimulated cGMP production was significantly reduced in cells incubated in 44 mM glucose compared with 5.5 mM glucose. Stimulation of cGMP levels with exogenously added nitric oxide (NO) was also decreased to a similar extent in cells exposed to 44 mM glucose. These data suggest that NO production stimulated by bradykinin or A23187 was unchanged by elevated glucose. Assayed eicosanoids, including 6-ketoprostaglandin (PG) F1 alpha, PGE2 alpha, and 15(S)-hydroxy-(5Z, 8Z, 11Z, 13E)-eicosatetraenoic acid, stimulated by bradykinin or A23187, were increased in cells exposed to 44 mM glucose. These eicosanoid products formed from exogenously added arachidonic acid did not differ between cells incubated in 5.5 mM or 44 mM glucose. Hyperosmolar concentrations of mannose or sucrose had no effect on cGMP levels but did mimic the effect of elevated glucose on eicosanoid production. These data suggest that hyperglycemia in diabetes may interfere with NO-induced guanylate cyclase activation but not NO production in the endothelium and that increased phospholipase activity, secondary to hyperosmolarity, may account for elevated eicosanoid levels.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association