Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 mRNA is expressed in platelets and megakaryocytes and the megakaryoblastic cell line CHRF-288.
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is present in the platelet alpha-granule and is released on platelet activation. Platelet PAI-1 could either be synthesized by the megakaryocyte or taken up from the plasma. In this report we confirm the presence of PAI-1 protein in human megakaryocytes by Western blot analysis and show its synthesis in guinea pig megakaryocytes by metabolic labeling. We document the presence of PAI-1 mRNA in human platelets and show a 3-kb mRNA species on Northern blot analysis of guinea pig megakaryocytes. Neither untreated CHRF-288 cells, a megakaryoblastic cell line, nor human erythroleukemia (HEL) cells expressed PAI-1 mRNA. Phorbol ester (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, 160 nM) treatment of CHRF-288 and HEL cells for 4 days induced PAI-1 mRNA expression in CHRF-288 cells but not in HEL cells. These studies show that PAI-1 is synthesized by megakaryocytes. Megakaryocytes most likely determine the PAI-1 content of platelets and thereby establish the antifibrinolytic potential of the platelet.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association