Occlusive arterial thrombosis in cynomolgus monkeys with varying plasma concentrations of lipoprotein(a).
Lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) is a newly recognized risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease and stroke in human beings; however, the mechanisms by which Lp(a) increases the risk of coronary heart disease remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Lp(a) on the occurrence of occlusive arterial thrombosis. Occlusive arterial thrombus formation was examined in 18 cynomolgus monkeys with high plasma Lp(a) concentrations (> 35 mg/dL, n = 6), intermediate Lp(a) concentrations (20-25 mg/dL, n = 6), and low Lp(a) concentrations (< 12 mg/dL, n = 6). A Goldblatt clamp was positioned around the left common carotid artery to produce a stenotic segment, and the artery was pinch-injured with needle holders. A 20-MHz Doppler velocity crystal, placed distal to the stenosis/injury site, was used to detect cyclic flow reductions (indicative of transient thrombosis) or permanent cessation of flow velocity (indicative of more stable occlusive thrombosis). All monkeys with high Lp(a) concentrations developed permanent cessation of flow, whereas only one of six arteries from low-Lp(a) monkeys developed permanent cessation of flow (p < 0.05). Arteries from monkeys with intermediate Lp(a) concentrations developed pronounced cyclic reductions of flow but did not progress to permanent cessation of flow. There were no differences in plasma von Willebrand factor activity among the three groups. Immunohistochemical analysis of the damaged arterial segments indicated incorporation of Lp(a) into the adventitia, media, and intima of arteries from monkeys with low and high plasma Lp(a) concentrations, as well as the presence of an occlusive thrombus in arteries that developed permanent cessation of flow.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association