Increased synthesis of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 by cultured human endothelial cells exposed to native and modified LDLs. An LDL receptor-independent phenomenon.
The effects of native and acetylated low density lipoproteins (LDLs and acetyl-LDLs, respectively) on the release of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) by cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (ECs) were evaluated. LDL and acetyl-LDL incubated with ECs for 16-18 hours increased the PAI-1 antigen levels in conditioned medium. At a concentration of 100 micrograms/mL, LDL and acetyl-LDL increased PAI-1 by 10.8 and 12.0 ng/mL, respectively (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01 versus control). The increases in PAI-1 antigen levels exerted by the lipoproteins paralleled the changes in PAI-1 activity. The effect of LDL and acetyl-LDL was concentration dependent and specific for PAI-1 because tissue-type plasminogen activator and expression of procoagulant activity were not affected by either lipoprotein. In addition, total protein synthesis evaluated in [35S] methionine-labeled ECs was not affected, and studies with cycloheximide showed that the effect of LDL and acetyl-LDL on PAI-1 release was due to de novo protein synthesis. Experiments using the C7 monoclonal antibody against the LDL receptor and binding-defective LDL indicated that the effect of LDL on the synthesis of PAI-1 was not dependent on the interaction of the LDLs with their specific receptors. Finally, extensive oxidation of LDL prevented and even reversed the effect of LDL on PAI-1 release by ECs. It is concluded that LDL specifically increases the synthesis of PAI-1 by ECs with mechanisms that are not receptor mediated.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association