Distribution of lipid and raised lesions in aortas of young people of different geographic origins (WHO-ISFC PBDAY Study). World Health Organization-International Society and Federation of Cardiology. Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth.
At the Morphometric Reference Center of the World Health Organization-International Society and Federation of Cardiology PBDAY (Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth) project, we studied left hemiaortas of 5- through 34-year-old male and female healthy subjects who died of traumatic injury. The subjects were either of European, American, Asian, or African origin. Three hundred fifty-five thoracic and 343 abdominal left hemiaortas, stained and photographed at the Malmö, Sweden, World Health Organization Reference Center, were studied. Lipid and raised lesion extent was evaluated by using computerized techniques. Probability-of-occurrence maps of lipid and raised lesion distribution were obtained by image processing. Our data have shown that the distributions of atherosclerotic lesions in the aortic intimal surface, which were similar in the different ethnic groups, also prevailed in branching regions, where low-blood flow shear stress and turbulence occur. The areas involved by raised lesions and by lipid lesions only partially overlapped. Lipid lesion extent, which was different among the ethnic groups, continuously increased with age in males but not in females, in whom the increase ceased at an age range from 15 through 24 years. This suggests that ethnic and dietary factors influence the extent but not the distribution of atherosclerotic lesions in the human aorta. Probability-of-occurrence maps also provided evidence that not every fatty streak will develop into a raised lesion, or will not develop quickly.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association