Characterization of apoA-IV-containing lipoprotein particles isolated from human plasma and interstitial fluid.
Apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV has been proposed to play a role in reverse cholesterol transport. ApoA-IV-containing lipoprotein particles (A-IVLp) were isolated from human plasma and interstitial fluid and characterized by immunoaffinity chromatography. Two major A-IVLp subpopulations, lipoprotein particles containing apoA-IV with apoA-I (LpA-I:A-IV) and lipoprotein particles containing apoA-IV without apoA-I (LpA-IV), were identified. The larger subpopulation of A-IVLp is the LpA-IV that represents 70% (protein mass) of the initial particles. Only 5.8% of apoA-IV was recovered in the retained fraction after affinity chromatography with an anti-apoA-I immunosorbent. ApoA-I, apoA-II, apoA-IV, apoB, apoC-III, apoD, apoE, apoH, lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), cholesteryl ester transfer (CET) protein, proline-rich protein, and a protein of Mr 59,000 were detected in the A-IVLp. These particles contain more than 20% triglycerides (lipid mass). ApoA-IV-containing particles that were isolated from plasma are heterogeneous in size, consisting of two major populations with Stokes' diameters of 10.3 nm and 9.3 nm. Both subpopulations of A-IVLp contain LCAT and CET activities and promote cholesterol efflux from cholesterol-preloaded adipose cells. These data support the hypothesis that A-IVLp particles may be involved in reverse cholesterol transport.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association