Probucol increases the selective uptake of HDL cholesterol esters by Hep G2 human hepatoma cells.
A previous study in rats showed that even though probucol substantially lowers high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, near-normal mass transport of HDL cholesterol esters (CE) to the liver is maintained by the induction of "selective" (direct) uptake of HDL CE. The present study describes a parallel result in cultured Hep G2 human hepatoma cells. Cells were preincubated in the presence or absence of probucol before measuring the uptake of doubly labeled HDL3 in the absence of probucol. Preincubation with probucol decreased the uptake of HDL3 particles (iodine-125-labeled N-methyltyramine cellobiose-apolipoprotein [125I-NMTC-apo] A-I uptake) but increased the uptake of [3H]cholesteryl oleyl ether in excess of 125I-NMTC-apo A-I (i.e., selective uptake) in a dose-dependent fashion. The reversibly cell-associated pool of CE tracer, a precursor for selective uptake, enlarged on probucol treatment, but the increase was not in proportion to the increase in selective uptake. HDL3 particle uptake decreased on probucol treatment. The decrease was evident after less than 20 minutes of probucol exposure and was maximal after 6 hours; in contrast, HDL3 CE selective uptake increased only after greater than 13 hours and had not reached a plateau after 20 hours. Thus, effects on particle uptake and selective uptake were dissociated in time.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association