Functional implications of cAMP and Ca2+ on prostaglandin I2 and thromboxane A2 synthesis by human endothelial cells.
Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were incubated with ATP, ADP, thrombin, or ionophore A23187 for as long as 600 seconds. A statistically significant rise in the prostaglandin I2 (prostacyclin; PGI2) and thromboxane A2 (TxA2) release was observed after 45 seconds. The maximum amount of cytosolic free Ca2+ was reached between 20 and 30 seconds. A statistically significant elevation of intracellular adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) levels was observed only in response to ATP and ADP after 120 seconds. Furthermore, adenosine, caffeine, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and adenosine 5'-(alpha, beta-methylene)triphosphate were tested alone or in combination with ATP or thrombin. PMA inhibited ATP-stimulated eicosanoid biosynthesis but had no effect on thrombin. Of the agents used to increase cytosolic free Ca2+ concentrations, only PMA failed to provoke eicosanoid release. Similarly, only PMA failed to induce a Ca2+ flux in the absence of extracellular Ca2+. The data presented show that PGI2 and TxA2 release from human umbilical cord endothelial cells is closely associated with Ca2+ mobilized from intracellular sources. Extracellular Ca2+, as well as changes in intracellular cAMP levels, has no influence on endothelial eicosanoid synthesis, at least for short-term regulation (less than or equal to 600 seconds).
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association