Ontogenetic regulation of apolipoprotein B mRNA editing during human and rat development in vivo.
The solubilization and delivery of lipids in plasma rely on both forms of apolipoprotein B (apo B): apo B-100 and apo B-48. Apo B-48 is the translational product of apo B-100 mRNA that undergoes peritranscriptional conversion of C----U, replacing codon CAA (glutamine 2,153) with the inframe stop codon (UAA). We examined mRNA editing activity in the human and the rat by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction primer-extension analysis of intestine and liver total RNA. In rat intestine the percentage of apo B transcripts that undergo editing increases dramatically the day before birth (from approximately 1% to 80%), whereas the rat liver acquires an adult level of editing activity during the third postnatal week (rising from approximately 8% to 30%), when weaning is completed, bile acid composition matures, and plasma thyroid hormone levels peak. In contrast to the rat, the human intestine acquires adult levels of apo B mRNA editing relatively early in fetal development, rising from 10% at 10 weeks to approximately 80% by the end of the second trimester. Our results establish that apo B mRNA editing is 1) developmentally regulated in a tissue- and species-specific manner; 2) fully developed prenatally in both human and rat intestine, suggesting a crucial role of apo B-48 in mammalian fetal adaptation to extrauterine life; and 3) acquired early in human fetal intestine, implying a potential role for apo B-48 in prenatal lipid metabolism.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association