Clopidogrel inhibits the binding of ADP analogues to the receptor mediating inhibition of platelet adenylate cyclase.
Clopidogrel, like the homologous thienopyridine derivative ticlopidine, selectively inhibits platelet aggregation induced by ADP. We have previously described two nucleotide-binding sites on platelets related to ADP-mediated platelet responses. The first is a high-affinity binding site for 2-methylthio-ADP (2-MeSADP) that is linked to the inhibition of stimulated adenylate cyclase. The second is the 100-kd exofacial membrane protein aggregin, which is labeled by the reactive ADP analogue 5'-p-fluorosulfonylbenzoyl adenosine (FSBA) that is related to shape change and aggregation. We set out to determine if either of these sites is blocked in vivo by clopidogrel or its active metabolite. Six subjects were given clopidogrel (75 mg/day for 10 days) in a double-blind crossover experiment. All of the subjects developed prolonged bleeding times while taking the drug. The rate of onset of the effect on bleeding time varied among subjects. Platelet aggregation induced by ADP or thrombin was significantly impaired by the drug treatment, but no effect was detected on shape change. The incorporation of [3H]FSBA into aggregin was also unaffected. Inhibition of adenylate cyclase by ADP or by 2-MeSADP was greatly reduced in all subjects, and in the case of 2-MeSADP, there was evidence for a noncompetitive effect. Inhibition of adenylate cyclase by epinephrine was unaffected. In the three subjects for whom binding measurements were made, the number of binding sites for [32P]2-MeSADP was reduced from 534 +/- 44 molecules per platelet during control and placebo periods (11 determinations) to 199 +/- 78 molecules per platelet during drug treatment (three determinations). There was no consistent change in the binding affinity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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