Immunolocalization of native antioxidant scavenger enzymes in early hypertensive and atherosclerotic arteries. Role of oxygen free radicals.
To elucidate the role of oxygen free radicals and lipid peroxidation in the pathogenesis of early hypertension and atherosclerosis, we studied the native distribution of three primary arterial antioxidant enzymes (AEs). Specific immunohistochemical localization of superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase (CAT) was examined in the arterial wall of New Zealand White rabbits: six sham-operated normotensive/normolipidemics (NT/NL), seven coarctation-induced hypertensive/normolipidemics (HT/NL), eight normotensive diet-induced hyperlipidemics (NT/HL), and six hypertensive/hyperlipidemics (HT/HL). All three AEs were confined primarily to the endothelium in NT/NL rabbit aortas. However, in HT and HL rabbits a greater proportion of the arterial wall, including the endothelium, inner media, and middle media, displayed immunolocalization of three AEs. Multiple linear-regression analysis revealed that more than 70% of the total variability in the depth of immunolocalization of arterial AEs could be explained by changes in blood pressure and/or total cholesterol. Also, levels of plasma and arterial cholesterol oxides were significantly different (p less than 0.05) in HT and HL rabbits compared with controls, with twofold increases in NT/HLs, threefold increases in HT/NLs, and fourfold increases in HT/HLs. We conclude that intense free-radical activity in the arterial wall of HT and HL animals is one possibility and that this occurs despite the presence of abundant AEs.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association