Relation between insulinemia, body mass index, and lipoprotein composition in healthy, nondiabetic men and women.
Altered lipoprotein composition may be a better predictor of cardiovascular disease than modestly increased serum lipid concentrations, although possible interactions between lipoprotein composition, obesity, and insulinemia have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the association between different measures of insulinemia and lipoproteins in 297 healthy Caucasian men (body mass index [BMI] less than 27 in 233, greater than 27 [obese] in 64) and 295 healthy Caucasian women (BMI less than 25 in 198, greater than 25 [obese] in 97). Associations observed in both obese and nonobese men and women were between increasing tertiles of most insulin measures and serum triglyceride concentrations (p = 0.079-0.004) and the ratio of low density lipoprotein to high density lipoprotein cholesterol (p = 0.094-0.008). Graded reductions in the high density lipoprotein cholesterol to apolipoprotein A-I ratio were also recorded in obese women, with increasing tertiles of fasting (p = 0.014-0.007) and postglucose load (p = 0.001) serum insulin levels, after correcting for BMI and triglyceride concentrations. Less marked graded increases in the triglyceride to apolipoprotein B ratios were recorded in obese women with increasing tertiles of fasting (p = 0.001-0.006) and postglucose challenge (p = 0.081) insulinemic measures. In men with normal or slightly elevated cholesterol levels (fasting serum cholesterol less than 6.5 mmol/l), hyperapobetalipoproteinemia was recorded with increasing tertiles of insulinemia (p = 0.006, correcting for BMI and triglyceride concentrations), as well as in subjects with hypertriglyceridemia (fasting serum triglycerides greater than 1.70 mmol/l) (p = 0.004, correcting for BMI and age). Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance are associated with altered lipoprotein composition in obese women, presumably reflecting a complex interplay between sex hormones, body mass, and insulin action. Insulin resistance appears to be more associated with apolipoprotein B concentrations in men. The hyperinsulinemic nondiabetic subject may be at increased risk of cardiovascular disease because of altered concentrations of apolipoprotein concentrations and lipoprotein composition.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association