High density lipoprotein-binding proteins in porcine liver. Isolation and histological localization.
The antiatherogenic properties of high density lipoproteins (HDLs) are thought to reside in their involvement in the reverse cholesterol transport pathway. Specific HDL-binding proteins could play a key role in this process. Two HDL-binding proteins of approximately 90 and 180 kd were identified in porcine liver by ligand blotting and were purified to apparent homogeneity by a combination of protein extraction, DEAE-cellulose chromatography, Con A-Sepharose chromatography, and preparative sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Binding of 125I-HDL by these proteins could be actively competed for by unlabeled HDL but not by low density lipoprotein. Polyclonal antisera have been raised against these two proteins. Each antiserum recognized only one of the HDL-binding proteins, indicating that they are not immunologically related. Moreover, striking differences in localization were observed in immunohistochemical studies. The 90-kd protein is located within the hepatocellular plates, while the 180-kd protein is present along the lining of the sinusoids. These results suggest functional differences between the two HDL-binding proteins described.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association