Characterization of apolipoprotein B mRNA editing from rabbit intestine.
Apolipoprotein (apo) B-48 is generated by a unique physiological process. Cytidine 6,666 of the apo B primary transcript is posttranscriptionally converted to a uridine by an RNA editing mechanism that transforms the codon for glutamine 2,153 to a termination codon. The editing reaction can be duplicated in a cell-free extract. In this study, the apo B-48 mRNA editing activity derived from partially purified extracts of rabbit enterocytes was characterized. The optimum conditions for the editing reaction were determined to be a salt concentration of 0.125-0.150 M NaCl or KCl, a pH of 8-8.5, and a temperature of 30 degrees C. The reaction rate was linear up to 45 minutes and was proportional to the editing extract concentration. No metal ion cofactors, DNA or RNA cofactors, or energy requirements were identified. At optimum conditions, the reaction followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics, with a Km of 0.4 nM for the rabbit RNA substrate. In addition, the reaction rate was enhanced by the addition of 25 micrograms/ml heparin or 40% glycerol. The characteristics of the editing reaction suggest that it is catalyzed by a nucleotide sequence-specific cytidine deaminase that is either a single enzyme or a multimeric protein.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association