Evidence for an altered lipid metabolic state in circulating blood monocytes under conditions of hyperlipemia in swine and its implications in arterial lipid metabolism.
Circulating blood monocytes were isolated from normal and hypercholesterolemic swine, and the monocyte lipid compositions and lipid biosynthesis profiles were assessed. The data indicate that monocytes freshly isolated from hyperlipemic swine have increased phospholipid and cholesterol contents and have increased biosynthetic capability for synthesizing phospholipids, triglycerides, and cholesteryl esters, but not cholesterol. The profile of the stimulated lipid synthesis capability is similar to that of the swine aortic intima undergoing atherogenic change. These studies indicate that circulating blood monocytes in hyperlipemic swine, which are known to give rise to intimal foam cells in the early fatty streak lesion, can contribute to altered vessel lipid metabolism without a requirement for in situ modification by wall factors.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association