Regulation of lipoprotein lipase secretion in murine macrophages during foam cell formation in vitro. Effect of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins.
Triglyceride rich-lipoproteins induce triglyceride accumulation in macrophages, leading to foam cell formation. The correlation between cell triglyceride accumulation and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) secretion in murine macrophages and the role that LPL plays in the accumulation process were examined. LPL secretion is defined as the extracellular LPL activity that accumulates during a 4-hour incubation of treated and untreated cells in a bovine serum albumin-containing RPMI-1640 medium. LPL secretion was suppressed (up to 70%) in a dose- and time-dependent manner when J774.1 cells were incubated with chylomicrons, very low density lipoproteins, and intermediate density lipoproteins but not with low or high density lipoproteins from normolipidemic and hypertriglyceridemic subjects. Oleic acid both suppressed LPL secretion and invoked triglyceride accumulation. Suppression of LPL secretion preceded gross triglyceride accumulation, was reversible, and was not the result of a reduction in LPL mRNA. P388D1 cells neither secreted LPL nor accumulated triglyceride. Inhibition of LPL secretion by tunicamycin in both peritoneal macrophages and J774.1 cells prevented a hypertriglyceridemic very low density lipoprotein-induced triglyceride accumulation, an effect that was counteracted by addition of exogenous LPL. The results suggest that 1) extracellular hydrolysis of lipoprotein triglyceride is a major factor in inducing foam cell formation and 2) LPL secretion may be regulated by cell energy needs, and when these needs are exceeded, LPL secretion is suppressed.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association