Mitogenic activity of interferon gamma on growth-arrested human vascular smooth muscle cells.
Interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) is a multifunctional lymphokine secreted by activated T lymphocytes, which are found in atherosclerotic lesions. IFN-gamma has been reported to suppress the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). However, as we report in this paper, IFN-gamma is mitogenic for vascular SMCs under certain circumstances. Recombinant human IFN-gamma (1-100 units/ml), in a dose-dependent fashion, stimulated cell multiplication and [3H]thymidine and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation into DNA by cultured arterial SMCs that had been growth arrested by culturing in 1% plasma-derived serum for 5 days. IFN-gamma also accentuated the mitogenic activity of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB. A time-course study revealed that there was a time lag of 4-6 hours between the G1-->S transition of quiescent SMCs stimulated by IFN-gamma and that of SMCs stimulated by PDGF-BB. A synergistic effect of IFN-gamma on the mitogenicity of PDGF became apparent after a similar time lag, suggesting that the IFN-gamma-related mitogenicity is mediated by a substance(s) secreted by IFN-gamma-treated SMCs. In fact, conditioned medium of IFN-gamma-treated SMCs was mitogenic for SMCs. Mitogenic activity in the conditioned medium was also detected by an assay using Swiss 3T3 cells, which originate from mice and, therefore, are not responsive to human IFN-gamma. The production of the mitogenic factor was blocked by anti-IFN-gamma antibody. Mitogenicity of the conditioned medium was not eliminated by addition of neutralizing antibody against PDGF, indicating that any autocrine growth factor(s) secreted by IFN-gamma-treated SMCs was not PDGF.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association