Mast cell-mediated inhibition of reverse cholesterol transport.
Net cholesterol efflux from cholesterol-loaded macrophages, i.e., foam cells, was induced by incubating the foam cells with high density lipoprotein3 (HDL3). However, when the incubation system included rat serosal mast cells stimulated to trigger exocytosis of their cytoplasmic secretory granules, the ability of HDL3 to induce cholesterol efflux was largely lost. This loss was found to be due to the proteolytic action of chymase, the neutral protease of the granules, which degraded the apolipoproteins of HDL3, so rendering them unable to mediate cholesterol efflux from the foam cells. The observation defines a novel cell-dependent mechanism that blocks the initial steps of reverse cholesterol transport and suggests a role for mast cell chymase in cellular accumulation of cholesterol, an early stage in atherogenesis.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association