Time course and cellular characteristics of the iliac artery response to acute balloon injury. An angiographic, morphometric, and immunocytochemical analysis in the cholesterol-fed New Zealand white rabbit.
Evaluation of the response of the arterial vessel wall to acute arterial injury in experimental models has taken on substantial importance because of an increasing interest in angioplasty treatment of human atherosclerotic lesions. In this study, the response of normal arterial vessels to acute balloon injury was studied in 45 iliac artery segments from 24 New Zealand White rabbits fed a 2% cholesterol diet. At specified time points between 1 and 41 days after the initial balloon pullback injury, the iliac arteries were analyzed by angiographic, morphometric, and immunocytochemical techniques. Angiographic measurements indicated progressive compromise of the iliac artery lumen with increasing duration of time from injury. Morphometric measurements showed that intimal area increased from 0.004 +/- 0.01 mm2 3 days after injury to 1.15 +/- 0.30 mm2 34-41 days after injury. Cell line-specific immunocytochemical analysis identified the macrophage as a prominent component of the earliest intimal cellular infiltrate. Smooth muscle cells appeared within the intima 7-9 days after injury. As the intima increased in area, macrophages predominated along the internal elastic lamina aspect of the intimal lesion while smooth muscle cells occupied the portion of the intima adjacent to the lumen. In summary, retrograde balloon pullback injury followed by cholesterol feeding results in progressive arterial luminal narrowing due to a progressively enlarging intimal cellular infiltrate. The temporal and spatial contributions of smooth muscle cell and macrophage components of the developing intimal cellular infiltrate have been characterized.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association