Lipoproteins and their genetic variation in subjects with and without angiographically verified coronary artery disease.
To examine the concentration of serum lipoproteins and the association of their genetic variation with the occurrence of coronary artery disease (CAD), composite serum lipoprotein profiles including lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]), apolipoprotein (apo) E phenotypes, and apo B Xba I genotypes were determined in patients with angiographically verified CAD (CAD+ group, n = 111) and in subjects with no angiographic evidence of CAD (CAD- group, n = 46). In addition, we determined the concentrations of serum lipids, lipoproteins, and apolipoproteins in 96 healthy controls. Both CAD- and CAD+ groups had lower concentrations of apos A-I and A-II but higher concentrations of serum total and very low density lipoprotein triglyceride and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol than did healthy controls. The mean concentrations of serum total and low density lipoprotein cholesterol and the median values of Lp(a) were similar in the CAD+ and CAD- groups, both having higher concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol and apo B than the healthy controls. Irrespective of gender, patients with CAD had significantly lower serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol than did those without CAD (1.48 +/- 0.40 versus 1.16 +/- 0.29 mmol/l, p less than 0.001). In women, the mean serum total and very low density lipoprotein triglyceride concentration was also higher in the CAD+ than in the CAD- group. The frequency of the apo E4 allele (epsilon 4) was significantly higher in the CAD+ group (0.293) than in the CAD- group (0.174; p less than 0.001). The frequencies of the two apo B alleles, X1 (Xba I restriction site absent) and X2 (Xba I restriction site present), were similar in the two groups. Stepwise discriminant analysis revealed that in men, serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol had the highest power to discriminate for CAD. In addition, the concentration of plasma apo B levels and the occurrence of apo E phenotypes were independently associated with CAD in men. In women, the only independent factor associated with CAD after adjustment for beta-blocker and diuretics usage was the concentration of serum triglycerides.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association