Molecular cloning, sequence, and expression of cynomolgus monkey cholesteryl ester transfer protein. Inverse correlation between hepatic cholesteryl ester transfer protein mRNA levels and plasma high density lipoprotein levels.
A cDNA clone containing the coding region for cynomolgus monkey cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) was isolated by the polymerase chain reaction with primers based on the human CETP cDNA sequence and cDNA synthesized from liver poly (A+) RNA. Analysis of that cDNA indicated that the nucleotide and amino acid sequences of cynomolgus monkey CETP were greater than 95% homologous with the human sequences. A fragment of the cDNA was used to develop an internal-standard/RNAse protection assay that allowed precise quantification of CETP mRNA levels. Analysis of total RNA from various tissues with this assay revealed that the liver and thoracic aorta expressed high levels of CETP mRNA; the mesenteric fat, adrenal gland, spleen, and abdominal aorta had low but detectable levels of the mRNA; and the brain, kidney, intestine, and skeletal muscle had undetectable levels of that mRNA. When the monkeys were made hypercholesterolemic by a high-fat, high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet, hepatic levels of CETP mRNA increased from 1.6 +/- 0.4 pg/micrograms total RNA (mean +/- SEM) to 4.1 +/- 0.8 pg/micrograms (p less than 0.005); mesenteric fat CETP mRNA increased from 0.4 +/- 0.1 pg/micrograms total RNA to 5.3 +/- 2.2 pg/micrograms (p less than 0.05); and plasma CET activity increased approximately fourfold. The CETP mRNA levels in the thoracic and abdominal aortas were not significantly increased in monkeys fed the HFHC diet, even though those animals had gross atherosclerosis. The apoprotein E mRNA levels, however, were markedly increased in the aortas of monkeys with atherosclerosis, with the largest increase occurring in the abdominal aorta. Taken together, these data suggest that lipid deposition in the artery was not accompanied by increased expression of the CETP gene in that tissue. Statistical analysis showed that a strong, negative correlation existed between hepatic CETP mRNA levels and both high density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = -0.85, p less than 0.001) and apoprotein A-I (r = -0.84, p less than 0.001). These data suggest that HFHC diet-induced changes in high density lipoprotein metabolism may be linked to altered expression of a function CETP gene.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association