Collagen synthesis in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells. Modulation by collagen lattice culture, transforming growth factor-beta 1, and epidermal growth factor.
We investigated the effects of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the protein synthesis and production of collagen in cultured smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from the aortic media of pigs. SMCs were cultured as monolayers on plastic as well as in three-dimensional collagen lattices to gain some information about the influence of a preexisting collagenous matrix on the growth factor-induced effects. A 48-hour exposure of SMCs to TGF-beta 1 at concentrations of 5 ng/ml in the presence of 1% serum caused a marked enhancement of the production of collagen and noncollagen proteins. The rate of net collagen production by SMCs exposed to TGF-beta 1 was approximately threefold higher than that of control cells. Moreover, TGF-beta 1 specifically stimulated collagen synthesis, resulting in a greater proportion of collagen in total proteins synthesized compared with controls. The preexisting matrix of collagen lattices affects the response of SMCs to TGF-beta 1 and EGF. In monolayer cultures the collagen proportion increased twofold under the influence of TGF-beta 1, whereas in collagen lattices the specific stimulation of collagen synthesis was lower. We found that EGF enhanced TGF-beta 1-induced protein production in collagen lattices but not in monolayer cultures. In addition, the protein production by SMCs was influenced differently by EGF in these culture systems. Taken together, these data show a mutual influence of growth factors and extracellular matrix components on collagen production in SMCs, thus indicating that TGF-beta 1 may be an important pathophysiological regulator of collagen metabolism in the vessel wall.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association