Serum lipoprotein(a) in patients heterozygous for familial hypercholesterolemia, their relatives, and unrelated control populations.
Serum lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) levels were significantly higher in 89 patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) (geometric mean, 22.7 mg/dl) than in 109 normocholesterolemic controls (10.0 mg/dl, p less than 0.05) and 40 controls (9.1 mg/dl, p less than 0.05) with similarly elevated low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels due to other primary hypercholesterolemias. To provide further evidence that the increased serum Lp(a) concentration was due to inheritance of the FH gene, 24 unaffected first-degree relatives were compared with their FH probands. Serum Lp(a) in affected individuals was significantly greater than in unaffected relatives (geometric means, 26.5 versus 13.7 mg/dl, respectively; p less than 0.05). Family membership exerted an effect on serum Lp(a) concentrations, indicating that other genetic influences were also operating, as is known to be the case in general populations. Serum Lp(a) in 30 of the FH patients, who had coronary heart disease, was not significantly different from 30 age- and sex-matched controls with FH but with coronary heart disease (geometric means, 23.6 versus 24.7 mg/dl, respectively). FH is associated with an increase in serum Lp(a). Elevated serum Lp(a) concentrations should probably now be regarded as a component of the clinical syndrome of FH. However, within our FH population Lp(a) did not distinguish those with clinically overt coronary heart disease from those without the disease.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association