Plasma concentrations of cholesteryl ester transfer protein in hyperlipoproteinemia. Relation to cholesteryl ester transfer protein activity and other lipoprotein variables.
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) mediates an important pathway for reverse cholesterol transport. Concentrations of CETP in fasting plasma were measured by radioimmunoassay in two different groups of hyperlipoproteinemic subjects. Plasma CETP concentrations measured by radioimmunoassay correlated closely with cholesterol ester transfer activity in normal plasma (r = 0.86). In the first group of 58 patients, plasma CETP concentrations were significantly increased, as compared with those in 79 normal subjects and in hypercholesterolemic (+26%) and combined hyperlipoproteinemic (+25%) subjects but were not altered in moderately hypertriglyceridemic subjects. Marked elevations in plasma CETP levels were documented in patients with dysbetalipoproteinemia (+68%) and severe chylomicronemia (+85%). Similar results were obtained in a second population of 50 hyperlipoproteinemic subjects. Significant correlations were found between plasma CETP levels and total cholesterol (r = 0.52), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol (r = 0.63), and apolipoprotein E concentration (r = 0.40). Correction of the lipoprotein phenotype by dietary means resulted in significant reductions in plasma CETP concentrations in patients with chylomicronemia and dysbetalipoproteinemia. In these subjects, plasma high density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations increased as CETP decreased. These studies indicate that CETP levels increase in association with enhanced peripheral cholesterol transport via low density lipoprotein, beta-VLDL, or chylomicron remnants.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association