Clinical signs of familial hypercholesterolemia in patients with familial defective apolipoprotein B-100 and normal low density lipoprotein receptor function.
In a previous study (Tybjaerg-Hansen et al, Atherosclerosis 1990;80:235-242), we identified nine patients heterozygous for the apolipoprotein B (apo B) arginine-to-glutamine (Arg3,500----Gln) mutation (familial defective apolipoprotein B-100 [FDB]). Six of these had been diagnosed clinically as familial hypercholesterolemic (FH) heterozygotes. We have since examined low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor function in the FDB index patients and in three of their families. Skin fibroblasts from seven of seven unrelated FDB patients from whom cell lines were established exhibited normal high-affinity binding and degradation of normal LDL in vitro. In the three families, a raised plasma LDL concentration did not segregate with a haplotype of two polymorphic restriction sites at the LDL receptor locus. We conclude that the clinical and biochemical signs of classical FH can occur in the presence of the FDB mutation and a normal LDL receptor gene. In a four-generation family with 11 proven or presumed FDB heterozygotes, expression of the mutation ranged from normal plasma LDL concentrations and no clinical signs in two individuals, to hypercholesterolemia and death from myocardial infarction at age 31. Variable expression of the FDB mutation could not be explained conclusively by variation in diet, body mass index, smoking habit, apo E genotype, or plasma Lp(a) concentration.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association