Platelet function in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits. Decreased sensitivity to thromboxane A2.
The characteristics of platelets from seven 5-7-month-old homozygous Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbits (plasma cholesterol, 13.9 +/- 1.7 mM, mean +/- SEM) were compared with those of platelets from normocholesterolemic age/weight- and sex-matched control rabbits (plasma cholesterol, 2.2 +/- 0.3 mM). Whole-blood platelet count and platelet size and protein content were not different in the two groups of rabbits, and the platelets from the WHHL rabbits were not enriched in cholesterol as indicated by identical mean cholesterol:phospholipid molar ratios (C/P). Responses of washed platelets stimulated with various agonists were studied to determine the effects of the genetically determined hypercholesterolemia on the various pathways of platelet aggregation in the absence of plasma components. In platelets from WHHL rabbits compared with controls, aggregation induced by ADP (0.5-5 microM) did not differ; collagen-induced (0.25-1.5 micrograms/ml) responses (aggregation, secretion of carbon-14-labeled serotonin from the amine storage granules of prelabeled platelets, and thromboxane A2 [TxA2] formation) were significantly less extensive; with aspirin-treated platelets, aggregation and secretion of granule contents induced by the TxA2 mimetic U46619 (0.25-1 microM) were significantly less extensive; and thrombin-induced (0.005-0.1 unit/ml) responses of untreated platelets (aggregation, secretion of granule contents, and TxA2 formation) or aspirin-treated platelets (aggregation and secretion of granule contents) did not differ. These observations are in direct contrast with previous studies of platelets from rabbits with diet-induced hypercholesterolemia, in which responses to TxA2 and thrombin were enhanced. Platelets from WHHL rabbits are hyposensitive to aggregation induced by TxA2.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association