A common genetic polymorphism associated with lower coagulation factor VII levels in healthy individuals.
We have identified a genetic polymorphism of factor VII that is strongly associated with plasma factor VII coagulant activity (factor VIIc) in healthy individuals from the United Kingdom. This polymorphism was detected after Msp I digestion of polymerase chain reaction-amplified genomic DNA. In a sample of 284 men, the frequency of the M2 allele (loss of cutting site) is 0.1, and individuals with the M1M2 genotype have factor VIIc levels 22% below the sample mean (p less than 0.0001). Msp I genotype was found to be the strongest predictor of factor VIIc, accounting for 20.2% of the variance, with cholesterol accounting for an additional 3.5%. The base change that gives rise to the Msp I polymorphism is a G-to-A substitution in the codon for amino acid 353, leading to replacement of arginine (Arg) with glutamine (Gln) in the protein product of the M2 allele (designated Gln 353). Three individuals homozygous for the M2 allele have both low factor VIIc and low factor VII protein concentrations. The conformation of the Gln 353 molecule may be different from that of the Arg 353 protein, affecting its intracellular processing, secretion, turnover in plasma, or activity. In view of its association with lower factor VIIc levels, possession of the M2 allele may confer protection against thrombosis and myocardial infarction.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association