Variation in the low density lipoprotein receptor gene is associated with differences in plasma low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in young and old normal individuals from Italy.
We have used four restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) of the human low density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) gene, detected by the restriction enzymes Ava II, Pvu II, and ApaLI (5' and 3'), to study the effect of variation at this gene locus in determining plasma cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels. Two hundred eighty-nine normolipidemic individuals were studied from the Liguria region of Italy. The Pvu II RFLP was significantly associated with differences in plasma total and LDL cholesterol levels, explaining 9.6% of the sample variance in LDL cholesterol levels. The other RFLPs, which are in strong linkage disequilibrium with the Pvu II RFLP, were associated with smaller effects on LDL cholesterol. The Pvu II allele, distinguished by the presence of the variable cutting site (P2 allele), was associated with lower levels of total and LDL cholesterol, and the frequency of the P2 allele was significantly reduced in individuals with LDL cholesterol levels higher than the 75th percentile. The frequency of the P2 allele was significantly higher in the group of individuals over 65 years old, and in this group the P2 allele was also associated with a similar reduction in LDL cholesterol levels. Because of linkage disequilibrium, only four RFLP haplotypes were common in this sample. Of these, only the haplotype P2A2VI (relative frequency, 0.269) was associated with a reduction in LDL cholesterol (average excess, -11.5 mg/dl).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association