High density lipoproteins and coronary atherosclerosis. A strong inverse relation with the largest particles is confined to normotriglyceridemic patients.
The relations of high density lipoprotein (HDL) subclasses to severity and rate of progression of coronary atherosclerosis were investigated in 60 men who had survived a myocardial infarction before the age of 45 years and who had subsequently undergone two coronary angiographies, with an intervening time interval of 4-7 years between angiographies. Five HDL subclasses with different particle sizes were determined by gradient gel electrophoresis, and the major serum lipoprotein classes were separated by preparative ultracentrifugation in connection with the second angiography. Highly significant inverse correlations were found between the plasma levels of the largest HDL particles, the HDL2b subclass, and both disease severity as observed on the second coronary angiogram (r = -0.53, p less than 0.001) and progression of coronary lesions between angiographies (r = -0.38, p less than 0.01). Grouping the patients according to the presence or absence of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) triglyceride elevation revealed striking differences in the relations of HDL subspecies to coronary atherosclerosis between normotriglyceridemic and hypertriglyceridemic subjects. There were strong inverse correlations between the plasma HDL2b concentration and both severity of lesions (r = -0.72, p less than 0.001) and rate of lesion progression (r = -0.58, p less than 0.01) in the normotriglyceridemic patients, whereas this relation was absent in subjects with hypertriglyceridemia.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association