Characterization in vitro of interaction of human apolipoprotein E-free high density lipoprotein with human hepatocytes.
Characterization of the interaction of iodinated apolipoprotein (apo) E-free high density lipoprotein (HDL) with cultured human hepatocytes provides evidence for a saturable, Ca2(+)-independent, high affinity binding site with an apparent km value of 20 micrograms/ml of apolipoprotein. Nitrated HDL and low density lipoprotein (LDL) did not compete for the binding of HDL, in contrast to very low density lipoprotein (VLDL). It is suggested that VLDL competition is exerted by the presence of apo Cs. Degradation of HDL was relatively low and in some cases not detectable. In cases where degradation was found, inhibitors of the lysosomal pathway of protein degradation had no effect, while LDL degradation was inhibited more than 80%. In the presence of 10 microM of monensin, the cell-association of HDL was unaffected, but the degradation was inhibited by 30%. Under similar conditions, LDL association was inhibited by 40% and LDL degradation, by 90%. Incubation of human hepatocytes with fluorescently labeled HDL (Dil-HDL) revealed (in contrast to Dil-LDL) mainly strong membrane-bound fluorescence and hardly any labeling of small intracellular vesicles. It is concluded that human hepatocytes possess a specific high affinity site for human HDL with recognition properties similar to those described earlier on rat hepatocytes. No evidence that the binding of HDL is actively coupled to uptake and lysosomal degradation could be obtained, indicating that binding of LDL and HDL to human hepatocytes is coupled differently to intracellular pathways.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association