Dysregulation of lipid metabolism in Tangier monocyte-derived macrophages.
The cellular defect in Tangier mononuclear phagocytes (MNP) was shown to be associated with significant abnormalities in cellular phospholipid, triglyceride, and cholesteryl ester metabolism by using various radiolabeled precursors (32Pi, 3H-serine, 3H-choline, 14C-acetate, and 14C-oleic acid). Tangier MNP expressed increased rates of synthesis for phospholipids (twofold), triglycerides (fivefold), and cholesteryl esters (threefold) as compared to normal MNP when incubated in McCoy's medium containing 0.2% human serum albumin. The turnover rate of cellular phospholipids was also enhanced, while the turnover rates for triglycerides and cholesteryl esters were normal, thus leading to the accumulation of a larger pool of labeled triglycerides and cholesteryl esters in Tangier MNP. The individual phospholipid classes, phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylserine were similarly affected. Cholesterol loading led to approximately 30% down-regulation of phospholipid synthesis in normal cells, but Tangier MNP showed a smaller response. When nonloaded normal MNP were exposed to high density lipoprotein3 (HDL3), they diminished cellular cholesterol esterification mediated by acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT); in Tangier MNP, ACAT activity increased in the presence of HDL3. When cholesterol-loaded normal and Tangier MNP were treated with HDL3, an up-regulation of phospholipid synthesis was observed in both cell types, but Tangier MNP showed a smaller response. We conclude that the defect in Tangier disease, which we recently described as a "disorder of intracellular traffic" (Schmitz et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1985;82:6305-6309), is associated with a dysregulation of cellular lipid metabolism, leading to an overproduction of triglycerides and esterified cholesterol and to enhanced synthesis and catabolism of phospholipids.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association