Hemodynamics and low density lipoprotein metabolism. Rates of low density lipoprotein incorporation and degradation along medial and lateral walls of the rabbit aorto-iliac bifurcation.
We have investigated whether arterial wall low density lipoprotein (LDL) metabolism in areas of disturbed flow differs from the metabolism in adjacent regions of undisturbed flow. Using the rabbit aorto-iliac bifurcation as a model, we examined the rates of LDL incorporation and catabolism in vivo and correlated them to the arterial flow patterns in these regions. The trapped ligand method was used to quantitate the rates of LDL incorporation and degradation over a 20-hour period in three hemodynamic zones of the daughter iliac branch: 1) a region of flow separation where the shearing forces are elevated along the medial wall and reduced along the lateral wall, 2) a transition region where the flow patterns begin to approach the fully established situation, and 3) a unidirectional flow region with symmetric fluid shearing forces along the medial and lateral walls. Our results indicate an elevated rate of LDL incorporation into the lateral versus the medial wall in the proximal zone of flow separation (5.2 +/- 0.8 nl/mg/hr vs. 3.7 +/- 0.5 nl/mg/hr, p less than 0.01). A similar elevation in the degradation rate of the lateral over the medial wall of this most proximal zone was also observed (2.1 +/- 0.4 vs. 1.4 +/- 0.2, p less than 0.05). No such differences were observed regarding LDL incorporation and degradation in the transitional or unidirectional hemodynamic zones. These results suggest that modifications in arterial wall LDL incorporation and catabolism are induced by hemodynamic forces. The implications of these findings for the formation of the atherosclerotic lesion are discussed.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association