Different efflux pathways for high and low density lipoproteins from porcine aortic intima.
To study the efflux of high (HDL) and low (LDL) density lipoproteins from the arterial wall in vivo, a surgical model in pigs was used. An isolated segment of the lesion-free thoracic aorta was pulse labeled from the lumen of the artery with 3H-cholesteryl ester labeled HDL and 14C-cholesteryl ester labeled LDL. Subsequently, the labeled aortic segment was exposed to cold chase in vivo. The transfer of HDL cholesteryl ester from plasma into intima expressed as intimal clearance was three to seven times greater than that of LDL cholesteryl ester. At least 50%, but possibly as much as 95%, of the HDL cholesteryl ester that entered the arterial intima during a period of 4 hours penetrated the arterial wall beyond the internal elastic lamina. In contrast, less than 15% of the LDL cholesteryl ester that entered the arterial intima in the same period penetrated beyond the luminal layer. After 24 hours of cold chase in vivo, more than 80% of both labeled HDL esterified cholesterol and labeled LDL esterified cholesterol had disappeared from the arterial wall. Transmural profiles after 9 hours of cold chase showed that labeled HDL was present throughout the entire arterial wall, whereas labeled LDL in quantitative amounts was present only in the luminal layer. The results suggest that the most important efflux route for HDL esterified cholesterol is through the vasa vasorum and lymphatics in the outer media and adventitia, whereas LDL esterified cholesterol predominantly leaves intima via the lumen of the artery.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association