Roles of calcium, cyclic nucleotides, and protein kinase C in regulation of endothelial permeability.
We studied the effects of calcium, cyclic nucleotides, and protein kinase C on albumin transfer, electrical resistance, and cytoskeletal actin filaments in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The endothelial monolayer grown on collagen-treated filters markedly restricted the transfer of albumin relative to its transfer across the filter alone. Both Ca++ ionophore A23187 and ethyleneglycol tetraacetic acid disrupted the integrity of the endothelial monolayer, thereby increasing endothelial albumin transfer and decreasing electrical resistance in a concentration-dependent manner. Neither W-7, a calmodulin antagonist, nor TMB-8, an intracellular Ca++ antagonist, influenced endothelial permeability. In contrast, increases in intracellular cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) and/or cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate (GMP) induced by dibutyryl cyclic AMP, forskolin, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, 8-bromo cyclic GMP, dibutyryl cyclic GMP, or sodium nitroprusside significantly elevated endothelial electrical resistance and inhibited albumin transfer; similar effects resulted from activation of protein kinase C by phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate or 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-glycerol. These substances ruffled the dense peripheral bands of F-actin without compromising the integrity of endothelial monolayer. These results suggest that calcium, cyclic nucleotides, and protein kinase C play important roles in the regulation of endothelial permeability and the maintenance of endothelial integrity.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association