Relationship between sensitivity to dietary fat and dietary cholesterol.
A group of 56 hypercholesterolemic and normocholesterolemic men and women were given approximately 700 mg a day of egg yolk cholesterol in a double-blind, crossover study while they were on a background diet containing approximately 30% of energy as fat. Overall there was a 0.23 mmol/l rise in plasma cholesterol (3.7%, p less than 0.001) after 4 weeks, a 0.19 mmol/l rise in low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (4.9%, p = 0.002), and a 0.07 mmol/l rise in high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (5.4%, p less than 0.001). Plasma triglycerides fell by 0.07 mmol/l (5.1%). Normocholesterolemic individuals (plasma cholesterol less than 5.2 mmol/l) experienced small, nonsignificant rises of 0.06, 0.02, and 0.05 mmol/l in total, LDL, and HDL cholesterol, respectively. Hypercholesterolemic subjects were classified on the basis of their response to a low fat diet. Diet-sensitive subjects were defined by a greater than 10% fall in plasma cholesterol on a 25% fat, low cholesterol (less than 200 mg/day) diet. These individuals were found to be more responsive to the effect of dietary cholesterol than were diet-insensitive subjects; the respective changes in the two groups were rises of 0.36 mmol/l versus 0.19 mmol/l in plasma cholesterol (p = 0.06) and rises of 0.30 versus 0.15 mmol/l in LDL cholesterol (p = 0.06). In addition to elevating HDL cholesterol by 0.09 mmol/l and 0.07 mmol/l, respectively, dietary cholesterol also produced an increase in the proportion of HDL2, from 40% to 44% of HDL protein (p less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association