Normalization of lipid metabolism after withdrawal from antihypertensive long-term therapy with beta blockers and diuretics.
Blood pressure and serum lipoprotein concentrations were assessed in 40 men with essential hypertension at the end of a long-term, controlled intervention study (HAPPHY) after 5.2 +/- 1.4 years of treatment with hydrochlorothiazide (n = 23) or atenolol (n = 17) and after a wash-out period. After withdrawal from antihypertensive medication, the blood pressures of patients treated with diuretics or beta blockers rose from 142/93 and 145/91 to 159/106 and 165/104 mm Hg, respectively. At the same time, low density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased by 17 and 12 mg/dl, respectively, in the diuretic and beta blocker groups (p less than 0.05). In addition, total cholesterol decreased by 16 mg/dl (p less than 0.05) in the diuretic group, whereas high density lipoprotein cholesterol increased by 8 mg/dl (p less than 0.01) and triglycerides decreased by 27 mg/dl (p less than 0.05) in the beta blocker group at the end of the wash-out period as compared to the final phase of the HAPPHY study. The data indicate the persistence of lipid changes during long-term treatment with hydrochlorothiazide and atenolol. For the first time, it was clearly demonstrated that the well-known unfavorable effects of diuretics and beta blockers on lipid metabolism are reversible after cessation of long-term therapy of several years' duration.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association