Responses of serum lipoproteins to dietary cholesterol and type of fat in the baboon.
We examined the effects of dietary cholesterol (less than 0.01 and 1.7 mg/Kcal) and type of fat (saturated, coconut oil; polysaturated, corn oil) on very low density plus low density lipoprotein (VLDL + LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in 24 young baboons (12 male, 12 female) Paplo sp.) in a crossover design experiment. The oils contributed 40% of calories. Total serum cholesterol concentration on the low cholesterol-polyunsaturated fat diet averaged 120 mg/dl; on the high cholesterol-saturated fat diet, 245 mg/dl; and on the other two cholesterol-fat diet combinations, about 200 mg/dl. There was a significant interaction between cholesterol and type of fat in their effects on VLDL + LDL cholesterol, but not in their effects on HDL cholesterol. Dietary cholesterol elevated VLDL + LDL cholesterol when fed with both types of fat, but elevated it more when fed with polyunsaturated fat than with saturated fat. Saturated fat elevated VLDL + LDL cholesterol when dietary cholesterol was low, but not when dietary cholesterol was high. Saturated fat consistently elevated HDL cholesterol more than did dietary cholesterol. The response of apolipoprotein B concentrations to dietary components was similar to that of VLDL + LDL cholesterol. These results indicate that dietary cholesterol and type of fat have different effects on the distribution of cholesterol among the major serum lipoproteins of the baboon.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association